Sometimes the right thing to do is be a good witness and help as soon as you are able.  This lady took a serious risk, but thankfully came out unharmed and helped catch some scum.

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You have just disarmed your gun-wielding attacker, what do you do next?

Ryan Hoover discusses the reality of relieving an attacker of their firearm during a violent confrontation and turning it back on them. While the idea of eliminating a threat with their own weapon is an appealing notion, the reality of such actions are much more complicated.

We have observed many examples in movies and television where the above idea is played out before our very eyes successfully. According to Hoover though, an attempt to do so may leave you as vulnerable as the initial engagement, may injure other people, and is seldom the appropriate response to such situations.

According to Ryan the question: “Why wouldn’t you step back and shoot the assailant?” assumes too many variables, mainly; you are familiar with the weapon, the firearm is real and functions properly, the firearm is loaded, and the individual in question possesses the ability to put accurate shots on target and not endanger innocent people in the immediate area.

During a high-speed, high-stress,  and dynamic situation like an armed confrontation, the above variables are a great deal to assume. In life-or-death situations, incorrect assumptions may very well lead to your own, or another’s grievous injury.

Ryan Hoover, in his honest and open way, recognizes that certain situations and individuals may possess this exact ability, but he goes on to state that with such a large opportunity for fatal error, he would prefer to utilize his personal, or natural weapons (Punches, Elbows, Kicks, Head-butts, et cetera). Using the firearm as a blunt force weapon, and furthermore, striking with the muzzle is not only an effective technique, it also allows us to control the line of fire. He believes this also provides us increased control, and also allows an individual to rely on a more familiar set of skills thus being able to perform more effectively under duress.

While not the situation most fantasize about, if we are able to critically assess our own strengths and weaknesses, I believe that Ryan is ‘on the money’ with his view. We would all love to believe that we would perform flawlessly in such an extreme situation. Unless you have spent considerable time training in high-stress scenarios with firearms, engaging with your natural weapons may be the safest response for yourself, and those in your immediate environment.

Train well, Train often


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Developed in the USSR in the 1970’s by Vladimir Simonov, the APS was created in response to the ever increasing threat from enemy Frogmen or Combat Divers.  It is a fully-automatic, gas operated rifle that was designed to be effective underwater, and to a lesser degree, above water as well.

Up until that time, a knife was the only source of defence against enemy divers.  The SPP-1 Underwater Pistol was adopted in 1971, but proved only useful in close combat and was poor at engaging targets at a distance.

The APS was adopted in 1975 and was the primary weapon of Soviet Combat Divers.  It fired 5 inch steel darts through a smooth bore and delivered these darts in full-auto with very effective ballistics.  The APS magazine held 26 darts fitted into a casing similar  to the 55.6x45mm, though the caliber of the rifle is officially listed as 55.6×39 MPS.

Issues arose because of the very limited above-water life span that the APS had.  In the water the APS could fire roughly 2000 rounds before major malfunction. Above water that figure dropped to as low as 180.  While this bore little issue with Soviet Combat Divers, it was a major complaint of  the Spetznaz soldiers who fought in both environments.  This drove research to develop a rifle that carried with it the same reliability and functionality either in or out of the water.

The APS remained in service up until 2000 when it was replaced by the ASM-DT which solved many of the problems with its ability to fire and carry two different calibers simultaneously; one for the water, and one for land.  The ASM-DT provided the modularity and effectiveness that the special forces needed while at the same time providing the same characteristics with the Combat Divers.


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Watch Dugan show off the ultimate in open-bolt goodness.  The LMG Comparo by Carnik Con.

Which is your favorite LMG?

-Stoner LMG 5.56x45mm

-AUG LMG-T 5.56x45mm

-COLT LMG 5.56x45mm

-Stoner 63A 5.56x45mm

-Ultimax 100 MK II 5.56x45mm

-Cemte Ameli 5.56x45mm

-PKM 7.62x54R

-MK48 7.62x51mm

-M203 KAC Standalone

-MG3 7.62x51mm


Dr. Andreas Grabinsky, an Anesthesiologist, takes us through the reality of gun shot wounds from his own medical perspective and experiences.  Some images are graphic, and discretion should be used when viewing.  

This is an excellent presentation for anyone who does not fully understand the effects of high speed projectiles on the human body or anyone interested in utilizing a firearm defensively.  Dr. Grabinsky reveals some startling facts and may present a few that might actually surprise you.  From his experience handguns have proved far less lethal than rifles and Dr. Grabinsky goes into great detail about the effects of different calibers on the anatomy in order to justify his observations.

This presentation does include actual images of gunshot victims as well as medical imagery that may not be suitable for all people.  Pay special attention to Dr. Grabinksy’s slides on the differences in force and speed produced by each caliber.  It may settle the 9mm. vs. .45 ACP debate for you, or open it up for even more contemplation.



The above individual was fortunate to survive such a devastating injury.


This x-ray showcases the destructive energy of the 5.56 Nato round behaving as it was specifically designed to. The injury was the result of a negligent discharge by an officer who was carrying his rifle in the patrol carry or sling ready position. The projectile entered on the medial side of the knee and exited just above the ankle. 

If we aim to properly train for a violent encounter in which we are moved to use force, whether it is performed with the body, or any type of weapon, we must understand the minimum and maximum effects of our actions.  For example, a straight punch delivered to the nose of an assailant, on the low end is going to cause the eyes to water, pain, and bruising.  On the maximum end, a broken nose, fractured orbital bone, blood loss, and potentially death may result.  Similarly with a firearm, certain ammunition and calibers are going to have different minimum and maximum effects on the body.  It is vital that we fully understand the ramifications of our actions in order to gain a deeper understanding of what it is we are actually training to do, and the effects it has on others.  This will aid in our selection of the techniques that we choose to employ in a given situation or choose to train in order to manage certain situations.  Many victims have survived the initial confrontation, but were not so fortunate with the legal consequences of their actions.

Train Well, Train Consistently.

 – Adam

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