The current and outdated paradigm of firearms training simply doesn’t match the contextual needs of the modern Citizen Defender.  Let’s face it, the current model has been heavily influenced by standardized military and law enforcement style training, competition shooting or even worse, static range training.  While this kind of training fulfills an illusion and entertains a fantasy, avaiable data shows there are vast contextual differences between these influences and the realities of being a Citizen Defender.

The current model is one dimensional and focuses solely on shooting or being “a gun fighter”, but what about everything else?  The best analogy I’ve ever heard came from Ken Murray, author of “Training at the Speed of Life”.  Murry equates generic marksmanship to figure skating and fighting with a gun to hockey (notice I didn’t say gun fighting but rather fighting with a gun).  They both move on skates but the context of hockey is very different and downright violent so the way that they skate in hockey is obviously different than a figure skater would skate. I wonder how well a hockey team would fare if all they focused on was taking static slap shots with nobody trying to knock them on their ass let alone trying to kill them, or the consequence of going to prison if they break a rule?


With the invention of modern training aids like the SIRT Training Pistol, Marker Rounds and even Airsoft, we can now train in 3 fluid dimensions.  We can train against real people with realistic circumstances, resistance and intentions.  We can train in a way that addresses the whole of the personal defense experience.  Training for the Citizen Defender that is objectively prioritized by available data.




Training that includes:

  • Mindset
  • Situational Awareness
  • Thread Assessment
  • Legalities
  • Patterns of Violent Crime
  • Conflict Avoidance & Deterrence
  • Psychology of Violence
  • Verbal and Non-Verbal Commands
  • Neural Psychology
  • Reactionary Gaps & Lag Times
  • Weapons Based Combatives (Standing and On the Ground)
  • Dynamic Ready and Dynamic Shooting Positions
  • Defensive Shooting
  • Marksmanship
  • Tactics & Maneuvers
  • CQB
  • After Action & After Math
  • Emergency First Aid
  • Threat Recognition
  • Force On Force Scenario Training

Notice I said, “training” the above not just talking about it.  There is a huge difference between an intellectual understanding and a conditioned and trained response through exposure and repetition.  Common knowledge is not common practice.

The list of bullet points above is obviously an abbreviated list.  However, what is important is the interdependent integration of adaptable principles in training.  Understanding that these skills are indivisible from one another in a way that addresses the whole.  Training in this way allows for each Citizen Defender to prioritize and adapt these skills to their unique set of attributes and circumstances.  Live fire has its place in this model but the style of live fire training, again, more accurately reflects the reality of a civilian defensive shooting.

Responsible Citizen Defenders are beginning to understand that there is a difference between being trained and being entertained and they are seeking out instruction that mirrors the reality of a changing world around them.

-Todd Fossey


About the Author:

As the head of Funker Tactical Training, Todd Fossey is charging onto the national scene as a top tier innovator and champion for the citizen defender. In 2017, Fossey became the founder and Chief Firearms Instructor for Fit To Fight’s highly anticipated FireARMED program and is the CEO and Chief Instructor at Integrative Defense Strategies in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Specializing in Extreme Close Quarters Combat for Armed Citizen Defenders, Fossey earned the esteemed his Fit To Fight Defensive Options Black Belt in August of 2017 with an emphasis in Weapons Defense, Weapon Takeaways, Active Shooter (Mass Shooter) Scenarios, Terror Response, Timeline Defensive Strategies, Defensive Tactics for Law Enforcement and Force On Force Training.

Fossey continues his extensive MMA and submission grappling training under legendary MMA Coach Greg Nelson at The Minnesota Martial Arts Academy. Fossey is actively involved with training Force on Force Scenario, Active Shooter and SWAT Training for various Law Enforcement Agencies and Departments. In addition to his work in combatives, firearms and tactical instruction, Todd has a 15-year background in psychophysiology, offering him special insight into the psychological, physiological and perceptual effects of high-stress critical incidents and human performance. Mr. Fossey spent many years working as a bouncer and head of security at high profile Hollywood nightclubs and during that time experienced and secured numerous real world violent and dangerous incidents.



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